What does transgender or ethnocentrism mean? Some of these concepts are quite complicated. Don’t fret: here’s an extensive glossary!

A

Accessibility

Accessibility refers to things or places, which are open and accessible to all people regardless of disability. Some examples of accessibility in a school environment include equipment in the classrooms for the hearing impaired and extra toilet space for access to students with wheelchairs. Furthermore, web pages can be accessible to blind people through features that allow a written text to be read out loud. Contrary, inaccessibility refers to places or things that are not readily accessible to e.g. people with disabilities. An example of inaccessibility can be the lack of a wheelchair ramp into a school or it can be a webpage, which is not accessible for blind persons.

B

Biphobia

refers to irrational fear or other negative attitudes and emotions towards bisexual persons. Biphobia is often expressed through hate speech or hate crime incidents, or other discriminatory practices, bullying and/or harassment against bisexual persons. Biphobia exist among heterosexuals, as well as among homosexuals, and is often based on the belief that bisexuality does not exist and on stigmatization of bisexual persons as promiscuous.

Bisexual

Is a man or woman who is romantically, sexually and/or emotionally attracted to people of either sex.

Bullying

Refers to a special form of aggressive behavior, which is systematic and is targeted at a single person by another person or a group. Bullying includes physical, verbal and emotional abuse and always includes an intention to harm; spontaneous or random teasing is not considered bullying.

C

Cisgender

Is a term, which refers to all people who are not transgender or transsexual. It refers for example to a person who is born with female genitalia, feels like a woman and identifies as such.

Coming out

Is the term used by lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and trans people to describe their experience of self discovery, self-acceptance, openness and honesty about their sexual orientation/gender identity and their decision to reveal i.e. to share this with others when and how they choose.

Couple-Norm

the perception that it is natural, positive and normal for all human beings to have or strive to have a partner. Monogamy-to love and have sexual relations with one person at a time -is central to this norm.